Periodontal Disease (Periodontitis) damages the gums, ligaments and bone structure that support your teeth. It is caused by the bacterial infection associated with plaque. Plaque is that clear sticky substance that builds throughout the day on your teeth which is removed by regular brushing and flossing. Plaque that isn't cleaned off through brushing and flossing hardens into tartar which must be removed by a dentist. We have a specialized hygienist available to aid in your care.
Tartar that is left on the teeth can cause infection that will accumulate below the gum line. Over time, the bacterial infection can result in the gums separating from their grip on your teeth causing 'pockets' between your gum and tooth to develop. These 'pockets' make room for more infection and additional problems to occur including receding and pain in gum tissue as well as loosened damaged teeth and constant breath issues and even tooth loss. Periodontal Disease can be treated. Regular dental visits can aid in early detection of Periodontal Disease.
At Kingston Park Dental Centre, we will work with you to provide timely and necessary periodontal care. Call us today to schedule an appointment.
Gingivitis is the Early Stages of Periodontal Disease
Gingivitis is caused by the bacteria from plaque under the gum line. Gingivitis is controllable and treatable with regular brushing and routine dental visits for a thorough cleaning. If Gingivitis is not controlled a 'pocket' is formed between your tooth and gum, allowing tartar to accumulate. As Periodontal Disease advances the 'pockets' deepen allowing the infection to worsen and damage to increase.
Moderate Periodontitis occurs as the 'pocket' deepens down the root of the tooth. The gum separates further from the tooth often causing it to be noticeably receded and tender. The bone holding the tooth in place may be up to 1/3 lost. Allowed to advance, the bone destruction will continue and the tooth will loosen to the point of falling out or requiring extraction. More serious forms of chronic (long-term) Periodontitis may involve general health complications including Cardiovascular Disease and Type II Diabetes.
Symptoms of Periodontal Disease include: